Gospel. "Look about you; be upon your guard against enemies both within and without; be circumspect. By thus calling upon them to consider Christ Jesus in these characters, the apostle seems to intimate that the believing Hebrews had not sufficiently adverted to the nature and quality of the person and offices of Christ, and for that reason were kept in the entanglements of Judaism; therefore he exhorts them to fix their minds attentively on the sublime subject. But there is further significance in the additional , “partakers of a heavenly calling” (cf. Jesus was sent from Heaven to earth to carry out a mission of salvation. As he had before, by naming him a teacher and a priest, briefly compared him with Moses and Aaron, so he now includes both clauses; for he adorns him with two titles, as he sustains a twofold character in the Church of God. Our calling as Christians is not just earthly but also heavenly. 2 The superior *apostle 3:1-4:13 Jesus is superior to Moses 3:1-6 In Hebrews 3, Paul admonishes us to hold fast to what Jesus taught us (see also Revelation 3:11). Our “Hebrews” here addressed rejoiced in the grandeur of the divine Apostle, the glorious Messiah, but were shrinking almost to apostasy from the degradation of the High Priest, the suffering Messiah. This is in contrast with Moses’ call to an earthly Utopia, a ‘land of milk and honey’. We should give careful attention to Jesus because of our solidarity as brothers and our holy calling as participants in His future reign and joy ( Hebrews 2:10-12). And. For that was why He was sent, to make the way of forgiveness and reconciliation available to those whom God has chosen. He is not designated here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, through He is "the Angel of the Covenant." Believers are also represented as sanctified by the Holy Spirit, of which they are all made partakers, 1 Peter 1:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; and as sanctified through the truth, John 17:17. But there is no reason to assign to any other meaning than its usual N.T. ‘Brethren’ reminds us of the fact that they are one together with Him as ‘brothers’. Verses 3 through 6 provide the basis for the exhortation. a. Hebrews 3:13-14. The Jews were called to a promised land here on earth; Christians are called by God to Eternity! It is as though he were saying that there would be no new Apostles to look to, for those who knew Jesus in the flesh were dying out, but that they still have Jesus, Who is always there, Who is greater than them all, alive from the dead and living in their hearts. Submitted by admin on Thu, 2010-05-20 17:45. Only here applied to the Lord. (53), First, the word consider, is important, for it intimates that singular attention is required, as he cannot be disregarded with impunity, and that at the same time the true knowledge of Christ is sufficient to dissipate the darkness of all errors. He was the complete Deliverer. Holy brethren. Jesus, our chief priest. Lesson 9: To Endure, Consider Jesus (Hebrews 3:1-6) Related Media. Our confession is that for which we take a public stand in water baptism, namely, Christianity (cf. Let them therefore now look directly to Him. Hebrews 3:18. Hebrews 3:1 New International Version (NIV) Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. “Our belief in Christ (compare Matthew 16:16), which sets us apart from non-Christian Jews.”, 1.Wherefore, holy brethren, etc. From the considerations which he had suggested, the Apostle urges the Hebrews to fix their attention upon Christ Jesus, under the character of the Apostle and High Priest of our profession. There were two; it was a slender remnant that were faithful. Hebrews 3:4-6. It is written of the Corinthians, who at that time were "babes in Christ," that they were "sanctified in Christ Jesus, called saints"; and that God, "Who is faithful," would also "confirm them unto the end," that they might be "unreprovable in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ" (1 Cor. He had before exalted Christ as a teacher above all the prophets, including no doubt Moses among the rest; but here refers to Moses as the leader of the people, as one sent especially by God to conduct them from Egypt through the wilderness to the land of Canaan. partakers. So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. It is the description both of the order of life and being into which God has created a creature, and also of that order of life befitting such creation. But Christ was sent fromheaven by God!!! Hebrews 3:16. K.J.V. epouranios. God calls us through the message of the Good News (. But not because He is their successor but because He is their predecessor, and superior. As Moses especially was the prophet by whom 'God in time past spake to the Fathers' (Hebrews 1:1), being mediator of the law, Paul shows that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. It is because of His High Priestly work that they can be His house and enter into rest. Commentary on Genesis 15:1-6. Commentary on Luke 12:32-40. See John 3:12. He was sent from God, as was Moses, and He was Priest also, with Aaron’s office and dignity—a thought expanded later (Hebrews 4:14, Hebrews 10:22). N.A.S.B. Greek. They are the holy under the new dispensation, as Israel was under the old. But with whom was he grieved forty years? Think then much of him. Very well done sermons on Hebrews … Apostle. We here see our dignity: we have a God for the apostle and high priest of our religion. He is the Son, and the High Priest. In view of the unutterable Grace that had formed such purposes toward their unworthy selves they are filled with rapturous thanksgiving. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. Though "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of delegates sent by the High Priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews in foreign countries, even as Christ was the Father's Delegate to this world, far off from Him (Matthew 21:37). He did not come to predict God's plan, He came to fulfill it. 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. We hence see that in this connection the “heavenly calling” is to be taken most suitably as a call to heaven. The privileges of the Sinai covenant were peculiar to Israel, Amos 3:2; but the Gentiles were fellow-heirs, Ephesians 3:6; and therefore the Hebrew believers are described as partakers of the heavenly calling. Jesus, the Son of God, is greater than Moses, a servant, and He is certainly greater than Elijah.We will do well if we first start with the teachings of Christ and use them to "interpret" the rest. profession. While it is said, today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. is added to preclude the possibility of error. The 17th verse asks the same question as the 18th, but the answer is different. They are also represented as partakers of the heavenly calling. He alone, as sent Son, speaks to us as antithesis to the whole body of prophets, (Hebrews 1:1-2;) nay, he is an outbeaming radiation sent from the divine Essence, (Hebrews 1:3;) he thence took part of our flesh, (Hebrews 1:14.) In giving of the law God spoke on earth, but He now speaketh from heaven. As what applies to Him applies also to His people, the twelve are designated His apostles, even as He is the Father's. Let us now fully and steadily analyze his nature in each office. Now Christ is above the angels (Hebrews 1:1-14; Hebrews 2:1-18), because: (2) as Son of man, because manhood, though for a time lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," since He is at once Messenger of God to men, and atoning Priest-Representative of men before God (Hebrews 2:17-18). (Hebrews 2:11) It should bless and encourage us that Jesus calls us His holy brethren. The considerations alluded to are His superiority not only to the prophets but also to the angels, inasmuch as He was "over all, God blessed for ever." For they know Whom they have trusted! , a title which, as applicable to Jesus, the writer explains in chaps. He is the Chief Cornerstone (Isaiah 28:16; Ephesians 2:20).Upon Him, everything hangs. Heavenly calling - coming from heaven, and leading to heaven. of them who are "saints" by calling, Rom. occurs in this Epistle nine times by itself, thrice with . This unity with His brethren was necessary in order to His being a merciful and faithful High Priest, able to make atonement for their transgressions, and to make intercession for them, through His perfect atonement, which magnifies and makes honorable the law of God. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. If you think little of your Leader you will live but poor lives. He ruled the new dispensation in the character of the Son of Prayer of Manasseh, having been for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor. Moses was a prophet and a teacher, and Aaron was a priest; but the two offices belong to Christ. Further, the Jews applied the word ” -. (1) Wherefore.—The address which here begins (the first direct address in the Epistle) bears the same relation to all that has preceded, as Hebrews 2:1-4 bears to the first chapter. Hebrews 3:1 to Hebrews 4:13.—Chapters 3 and 4 as far as Hebrews 3:13, form one paragraph. See 2 Corinthians 9:13. No mere complimentary title, but descriptive of the blessed brotherhood to which Christ and all who believe belong. Hebrews 3:1-4:16 Commentary - The Superiority of Christ’s Priesthood over Moses; Hebrews 5:1-7:28 Commentary - The Superiority of Christ’s Priesthood over Melchizedek; Hebrews 8:1-13:19 Commentary - The Superiority of the New Covenant over the Old Covenant; Hebrews 13:20-25 Commentary - Benediction and Conclusion ; S LEWIS JOHNSON Sermons on Hebrews. 1:9, literally). Jesus Christ is the "Apostle" (lit. He is God’s direct ‘Sent One’, with no intervention of angels. No, God grant we may be of another sort lest he should lift his hand and swear, “They shall not enter into my rest.”. Hence He is termed the Apostle of our profession, and is thus contrasted with Moses, whom God sent to deliver Israel. New International Version - UK (NIVUK) “In the word ‘heavenly’ there is struck for the first time, in words at least, an antithesis of great importance in the Epistle, that of this world and heaven, in other words, that of the merely material and transient, and the ideal and abiding. He draws a Comparison between Christ and Moses. As God’s Apostle or Legate, Christ is super-angelic representative of God on earth; he is ruling administrator over the incoming dispensation, Hebrews 2:5-8; he is the glorious Messiah. He concludes the preceding doctrine with a necessary exhortation, that the Jews should attentively consider what sort of being and how great Christ is. The Church has a heavenly calling and a heavenly destiny. “But Christ as a Son” — far higher degree -- “Christ as a son over his own house,” of which he is the heir, of which he is even now the sole proprietor -- “whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.” None are truly Christ’s but those who persevere in grace. “For unto us was the gospel preached as well as unto them.” In the old time that gospel which was preached to them was preached to us -- “but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.” God send us this holy mixture of the hearing and the believing, to our hour’s salvation, to his glory. Men may be nominally Christ’s, but they are not Christ’s house unless they hold fast to the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. 1 John 4:14. But he came from the wilderness not from Heaven, and he was too weak to bear the burden alone so that Aaron became the High Priest. Peter exhorts us to "grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ" (not grow "in grace," as Often wrongly quoted, but grow in the grace and experimental favor and acquaintanceship of our Lord Jesus Christ Himself). delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders) in that He is the One God sent to reveal the Father to humankind (cf. (2) Because the bringing of Israel into the promised rest, not finished by Moses, is accomplished by Him (Hebrews 4:1-11) through His being not merely leader and lawgiver as Moses, but also propitiatory High Priest (Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 5:10). 3:17, 18: It was not the intention of God, in revealing to us a marvellous "calling" into which He had foreordained us, to have us become negligent. Hebrews 1 – A Superior Savior A. Jesus, the superior Savior. Hebrews 3:1 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. Who also. Hebrews 3:1. by Grant | Nov 1, 2018 | Hebrews | 0 comments. Parallel with this argument as to His superiority to angels (Hebrews 1:4) runs that which follows as to His superiority to Moses (Hebrews 3:3): (1) Because as Son over the house He is above the servant in the house (Hebrews 3:5-6), just as the angels were shown to be but ministering spirits (Hebrews 1:14), whereas He is the Son (Hebrews 3:7-8). Here only is the name Apostle directly given to our Lord; but the thought is present in Hebrews 2:3, and in the many passages in which Jesus designates Himself as the Sent of God, using the word from which Apostle is derived (John 3:17; John 5:36, et al. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator (Bengel). The Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus.—The best MSS. 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