Disaster Is more than just response and relief (i.e., it assumes Management: a more proactive approach) Is a systematic process (i.e., is based on the key Terminology management principles of planning, organising, and leading which includes coordinating and controlling) Aims to reduce the negative impact or consequences of adverse events (i.e., disasters cannot always be … In many scenarios it is likely to be relatively short and to last for a matter of hours or days—rapid implementation of arrangements for collaboration, co-ordination and communication are, therefore, vital. 7. As communities and economies move from responding to a natural disaster to following the longer road of recovery, those involved have an opportunity to ensure that investments are designed for long-term sustainability and innovation. Nowadays, millions of people use mobile phones as a means of daily communication and data transference, out of which 64% live in developing countries. All components and people are connected in fixed and field locations. Disaster response organizations must systematically manage information from multiple sources and collaborate effectively to assist survivors, mitigate damage and help communities rebuild. SERS has been created by a team of nine organizations led by MathWorks. Also, the Emergency Preparedness and Response Program of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health develops resources to address responder safety and health during responder and recovery operations. [24] This helped facilitate provider triage, improve provider handoffs, and track vulnerable populations such as unaccompanied minors, pregnant women, traumatic orthopedic injuries and specified infectious diseases. Research institutions and academia play a crucial role in developing new methods for disasters management and advancing the state-of-the art in risk reduction. Studies undertaken by Son, Aziz and Peña-Mora (2007) shows that "initial work demand gradually spreads and increases based on a wide range of variables including scale of disaster, vulnerability of affected area which in turn is affected by population density, site-specific conditions (e.g. When disasters occur anywhere in the world, the safety of people in the affected areas depends on first responders being prepared and then staying connected and in close collaboration 24 hours a day, until the crisis is resolved. In other countries, such as the United Kingdom, the planners … One of the reasons for the slow recovery in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina was the struggle to revitalize the small-business community. The system provides the survivors and the emergency personnel with information to locate and assist each other during a disaster. Thus, the data from a few disasters, which is difficult and tedious to analyze, could be transformed into many data sets which are more complete and easier to analyze via simulation. disaster if a certain predefined threshold is breached (e.g. "Response" is defined (in this context) as: Noun: An answer or reply, as in words or in some action. The vitality of the business community is a critical dependency for successful economic and social recovery from a disaster. The focus in the response phase is on putting people safe, prevent next disasters and meeting the basic needs of the people until more permanent and sustainable solutions can be found. Find out how to help your community during a disaster. Another challenge to the effectiveness of disaster management and recovery is sharing information across organizations hampered by a lack of interoperability. True interoperability is about connecting people, data and diverse processes and organizations, which requires not only flexible technology and accepted standards, but also the fewest possible bureaucratic and regulatory barriers. In the British Government's Emergency Response and Recovery guidance, disaster response refers to decisions and actions taken in accordance with the strategic, tactical and operational objectives defined by emergency responders. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies are the cornerstone of formalised action for reducing natural hazard-related disaster (‘disaster’) risk and setting the strategic direction for a district, country or region to become more resilient to disasters. At the community level, it could be a flood, a fire, a collapse of buildings in an earthquake, the destruction of livelihoods, an epidemic or displacement through conflict. Organisations for Disaster Reduction (GNDR). The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA); is responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies that require an international response. In the event of a disaster, saving human lives is of utmost importance. Also, during the Haiti earthquake, the International Red Crescent sent more than 45 million SMSs to Viole mobile phone users. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer information for specific types of emergencies, such as disease outbreaks, natural disasters and severe weather, as well as chemical and radiation accidents. In the US, the Federal Emergency Management Agency coordinates federal operational and logistical disaster response capability needed to save and sustain lives, minimize suffering, and protect property in a timely and effective manner in communities that become overwhelmed by disasters. OCHA plays a key role in operational coordination in crisis situations. 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